Symptoms of Meningitis Alert: Avoid Complications

Symptoms of MeningitisAvoid complications

The viral infection does not always require hospitalization and, in milder cases, it allows recovery at home. The treatment relieves symptoms, which refer gradually and is taking medication, rest and fluid intake. By contrast, in bacterial meningitis, usually caused by pneumococci, the treatment is carried out with intravenous antibiotics as soon as possible, and liquids to replace lost energy and corticosteroid drugs to reduce inflammation of the meninges. To complications such as seizures, lower blood pressure or respiratory failure, additional treatments are applied.

If left untreated these complications can develop long-term sequelae such as hearing or vision problems, learning problems, or even cardiovascular disease. However, if it can tackle the disease at an early stage, sufferers often recover completely.

Experts insist that the best treatment is prevention. Several vaccines are now available accepted but is working on new formulations. In those days the University of Navarre issued a new pneumococcal vaccine, the 13-valent, which theoretically extends the protection of its predecessor, the heptavalent. This new vaccine can be administered to children up to 5 years.

If you confirm the warning signs included in this British study, could become part of the upcoming “Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Meningitis and Sepsis in Children and Adolescents,” sponsored by the Ministry of Health GuíaSalud Spanish and by the Aragonese Institute of Health Sciences. Is scheduled to go live in late 2011 and its main purpose is uniform throughout Spain for its diagnosis and treatment. In its development work Spanish experts who will review the guides already available, such as those distributed in the United Kingdom.

MOST INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Meningitis occupies an important place in the field of infectious diseases in childhood. In the Pediatric Symposium IV, held recently in Manchester, has warned that these childhood diseases are on the rise for several reasons. Pollution, poor nutritional habits or climate change are among the risk factors in early life of an infant. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the infant rate exceeds 60% of the adult population. These figures can have serious consequences for premature babies, when defenses are low.

Digestive and respiratory diseases (such as pneumococcal meningitis) are most common in infants and children under 2 years, after congenital malformations and cardiovascular complications. This symposium also highlighted the importance of detecting signals indicative of the presence of infectious disease. The importance of the baby to sleep for a long time or suddenly fall from their sleep.

Symptoms of Meningitis Alert

Meningitis bacteriaNew evidence for the early diagnosis of this disease would reduce complications and mortality rate.

Bacterial or viral infection of the meninges can be very dangerous if diagnosis is delayed. It is estimated that one in ten patients may die because of this. While identifying the symptoms prior to their development is essential, some, such as headache, pale cold hands and feet are not early signs of pathology, as he thinks most of the population.

Lower limb pain, confusion, stiff neck and sensitivity to light in children are the main warning signs of meningitis, according to a new study published in the British Journal of General Practice. “The study, conducted by researchers at the Royal College of General Practitioners in the UK of more than 1,000 British children, ensures that significant considered before other symptoms such as headache, pale cold hands or feet are not necessary to predict diagnosis.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by a bacterial infection (which can cause death within hours or sequelae for life) or viral (the most common and often are not serious). The researchers found that half the children in the study with the disease had been misdiagnosed at the beginning and noted that the reason could be the “false” beliefs spread. The rash, one of the best known signs of the population, emerged in later stages of the disease.

Attention to the warning signs!

Experts report that the study will be beneficial for general practitioners, but warn that parents should not ignore other symptoms transcendent. Say it is vital that parents trust their instincts and do not hesitate to seek medical help, even if the child has already been visited, but the symptoms get worse. The actions should be anticipated but is not known what type of infection is viral or bacterial infection-the most serious, since it is a medical emergency. A bacterial process progresses very quickly, often within hours. Viral meningitis, however, can develop in a couple of days.

Irene Foundation Mejías meningitis includes among its recommendations are warning signs that should draw the attention of parents. If detected skin rash, experts advise making the “swallow test” which involves applying a firm pressure on the rash area with glass. If not disappear momentarily under pressure, you must go to hospital urgently, as it is a very serious symptom.

Detect early signs of meningitis is essential to avoid further complications or death. Although meningitis can develop at any age, babies and young children are among those most at risk, with an incidence between 60 and 174 cases per 100,000 children younger than 2 years. The second group are those aged 15 to 24 years. While these figures are significantly reduced in European countries, growing resistance to antibiotics that hinder treatment. Furthermore, this condition emerges with increasing frequency in other countries, so prevention is crucial.